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English and Creative Writing

Photo of Professor Marion Gibson

Professor Marion Gibson

Director of the Flexible Combined Honours


01392 724431


Professor of Renaissance and Magical Literatures, Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, Director of the Flexible Combined Honours degree programme. My research is about witch trials in history from the Middle Ages to the present. 

Recent books: Witchcraft: A History in 13 Trials (Simon and Schuster/Scribner, 2023/2024) andThe Witches of St Osyth (Cambridge University Press, 2022).

I'm also the author of Rediscovering Renaissance Witchcraft (Routledge, 2017), Witchcraft: The Basics (Routledge, 2018), Imagining the Pagan Past: Gods and Goddesses in Literature and History since the Dark Ages. (London and New York: Routledge, 2013), Witchcraft Myths in American Culture (New York: Routledge, 2007). Possession, Puritanism and Print: Darrell, Harsnett, Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Exorcism Controversy (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2006), Reading Witchcraft: Stories of Early English Witches (London and New York: Routledge, 1999), with Garry Tregidga and Shelley Trower, Mysticism, Myth and Celtic Identity (London: and New York: Routledge, 2012) and with Jo Esra, The Arden Shakespeare Dictionary of Shakespeare’s Demonology (London: Arden/Bloomsbury, 2014). I am the editor of the Cambridge University Press series Elements in Magic.

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My research is about the British and American history of the supernatural from prehistory to the present, focusing on witchcraft and magic. I've just finished a new book on 700 years of witch trials for Simon and Schuster (UK) and Scribner (US), Witchcraft: A History in 13 Trials (2023/2024).

In 2022 I published the first full history of the St Osyth witches of 1582 for Cambridge University Press.I also edit the CUP series Elements in Magic, which is designed to bring out short, punchy new contributions to the field of magical studies from historians, anthropologists, literary scholars, archaeologists, medical humanities scholars, geographers, scholars of religion worldwide and scholars of film, media and social media. 

Research collaborations

£153,021 Leverhulme grant 'England's Mass Witch Hunt' with post-doc researcher Dr Tabitha Stanmore

In 2019 I hosted Professor Jay Johnston (University of Sydney) for a series of VIAF events on magic, landscape and religion run with Professor Nicola Whyte (History, Exeter) and Dr Will Pooley (Bristol).

£1,500 EPSRC Bridging the Gaps Grant ‘When Psychiatry Meets Literature and Culture’ with Dr. Mark Harrison (Devon NHS Trust) 2011-12

£216,072 AHRC Large Research Grant (plus funded PhD studentship bringing the total to £252,000) with Dr. Garry Tregidga (History, Exeter) 2008-11

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I'm interested in hearing from anyone who would like to work on the history or literatures of the supernatural, especially witchcraft and magic. I’m a supportive and enthusiastic supervisor who has been helping PhD students undertake their dream projects for 20 years. Send me an email and we can chat about your ideas...

Research students

Fiona Williams

Lucy Hilliar

Megan Jones

Dan Leigh


Anna Milon

Dorka Tamas

Barbara Santi

Samantha Rayne

Jo Ann Esra

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Copyright Notice: Any articles made available for download are for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the copyright holder.

| 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |


  • Gibson M. (2023) Witchcraft A History in Thirteen Trials, Simon and Schuster.


  • Gibson M. (2022) The Supernatural in Early Modern Scotland, Cultural and Social History, volume 19, no. 2, pages 203-204, DOI:10.1080/14780038.2022.2055875.
  • Gibson M. (2022) The Witches of St. Osyth: Persecution, Murder and Betrayal in Elizabethan England, Cambridge University Press.


  • Gibson MH. (2021) Unreasonable Magic”: Witchcraft, War and the Novel 1919-29, Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft.


  • Gibson M. (2020) French Demonology in an English Village: The St Osyth Experiment of 1582, Demonology and Witch-Hunting in Early Modern Europe, Routledge, 107-126.


  • Gibson M. (2019) Sea narratives: cultural responses to the sea, 1600–present, Journal for Maritime Research, volume 20, no. 1-2, pages 122-124, DOI:10.1080/21533369.2018.1528721.
  • Gibson MH. (2019) Becoming-Witch: Narrating Witchcraft in Early Modern English News Pamphlets, Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft, volume 14:3, pages 317-335.






  • Gibson MH. (2013) Imagining the Pagan Past, Routledge - in press.


  • Gibson MH. (2012) 'Old Deities, New Worlds: The Return of the Gods in Fiction', Mysticism, Myth and 'Celtic' Identity, Routledge, 38--48. [PDF]
  • Gibson MH, Tregidga GH, Trower SJ. (2012) Mysticism, Myth and 'Celtic' Identity, Routledge. [PDF]
  • Gibson MH. (2012) 'Old Deities, New Worlds: the return of the gods in fiction', Mysticism, Myth, Nationalism, University Of Exeter, Cornwall Campus, 23rd - 24th Jul 2010, These will be forthcoming edited by MH Gibson, GH Tregidga and SJ Trower.
  • Gibson MH. (2012) 'Wicker Men and Straw Dogs': Internal Colonialism in Celtic Novels and Films 1968-78', National Identities, article no. 10.1080/14608944.2012.732052. [PDF]


  • Gibson MH. (2008) Applying the Act of 1604: Witches in Essex, Northamptonshire and Lancashire Before and After 1604, Witchcraft and the Act of 1604, Brill, 115-128.


  • Gibson, M.. (2007) America's Witchcraft Myths, Routledge.
  • Gibson MH. (2007) Women and Witchcraft in Popular Literature c.1560-1715, Ashgate.
  • Gibson MH. (2007) Thinking Witchcraft: Language, Literature and Intellectual History, Witchcraft Historiography, Palgrave, 164-181.
  • Gibson MH. (2007) Witchcraft Myths in American Culture, Routledge.



  • Gibson MH. (2004) The War at Home: Family, Gender and Post-Colonial Issues in Three Vietnam War Texts, Gender and Warfare in the Twentieth Century, Manchester University Press, 154-173.


  • Gibson, M.. (2003) Early English Trial Pamphlets, Pickering & Chatto.
  • Gibson MH. (2003) Witchcraft and Society in England and America 1550-1750, Cornell University Press.


  • Gibson, M.. (2002) Thomas Potts' Dusty Memory: Reconstructing Justice in The Wonderfull Discoverie of Witches, The Lancashire Witches: Histories and Stories, Manchester University Press, 42-57.


  • Davidson JP. (2000) :Reading Witchcraft: Stories of Early English Witches, The Sixteenth Century Journal, volume 31, no. 2, pages 594-595, DOI:10.2307/2671705. [PDF]
  • Gibson, M.. (2000) Understanding Witchcraft? Accusers' Stories in Print in Early Modern England, Languages of Witchcraft: Narrative, Ideology and Meaning in Early Modern Culture, MacMillan, 41-54.
  • Gibson MH. (2000) Early Modern Witches: Witchcraft Cases in Contemporary Writing, Routledge.
  • Gibson MH. (2000) Early Modern Witches: Witchcraft Cases in Contemporary Writing, Routledge.
  • Gibson MH, Bennett GH. (2000) The Later Life of Lord Curzon of Kedleston, Edwin Mellen.
  • Gibson MH. (2000) Understanding Witchcraft? Accusers' Stories in Print in Early Modern England, Languages of Witchcraft: Narrative, Ideology and Meaning in Early Modern Culture, Macmillan; St. Martin's Press, 41-54.
  • Gibson MH, Bennett GH. (2000) The Later Life of Lord Curzon of Kedleston - Aristocrat, Writer, Politician, Statesman, Edwin Mellon.


  • Gibson MH. (1999) Reading Witchcraft: Stories of Early English Witches, Routledge.
  • Gibson MH. (1999) Reading Witchcraft: Stories of Early English Witches, Routledge.


  • Gibson MH. (1998) Devilish Sin and Desperate Death: Northamptonshire Witches in Print and Manuscript, Northamptonshire Past and Present, pages 15-21.
  • Gibson MH. (1998) Mother Arnold: A Lost Witchcraft Pamphlet Rediscovered, Notes and Queries, no. September 1998, pages 296-300.


  • Gibson MH. (1997) Now the Witch is Dead: A Study of a Narrative of Witchcraft on the Staffordshire/Derbyshire Border, Staffordshire Studies, pages 9-17.
  • Gibson MH. (1997) Greene's Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay and A Most Wicked Worke of a Wretched Witch: A Link, Notes and Queries, no. March 1997, pages 36-37.

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External impact and engagement

I post as @witchesetc (Twitter) and @witchesetcinsta (Instagram). For media work see my "media" tab. My agent is Joanna Swainson at Hardman and Swainson.

Events: coming up - Essex Book Festival 2024; Falmouth Wayward Festival 2024; 2022-2023 - Chalke Valley History Festival (2 talks, main festival and schools festival); British Library Festival of the Accused; National Archives talk; Bury St Edmunds Literary Festival; Budleigh Salterton Literary Festival; Caterham School History Festival; Toronto Public Library talk; Ashland Library, Massachusetts talk; book talks and signings, Treadwell's Books, Bloomsbury; Toppings, Edinburgh; Far From the Madding Crowd, Linlithgow; Ivybridge Books and Eastgate Books, Devon; MCM ComicCon panel “Spellbound” with 4 creative writers; RAMM “Witches” event with artist Lucy Stein; panellist “History of Witches and Witchcraft”, Standon Calling Festival.

I participated in two AHRC “Being Human” events in 2015, ‘Modern Folk’ and ‘Magic from the Inquisition to Harry Potter’ and in “Certaine Wytches”, 2019, with the Devon Guild of Craftsmen (sic). I organised the ‘Mysticism, Myth, Nationalism’ conference in July 2010 with Shelley Trower and Garry Tregidga, including a public exhibition and a creative writers’ event. I have also delivered public talks at the Cornwall Centre, Lowender Peran Festival, the Historical Association, the Du Maurier Festival, for U3A, the National Trust, the Pagan Federation, London Geekfest, Harry Potter Society and Henrietta Barnett School history lectures series.

Contribution to discipline

I have been an invited or keynote speaker at the following conferences: 'Narrating Witchcraft', Erfurt (2016), 'Hexerie und öffentlichkeit', Stuttgart (2015), 'Witches and demons', Tromsø (2015), Medieval and Early Modern Studies Association of Korea, Seoul (2011), ‘Witchcraft Act 1604’, Durham (2004), ‘Hatred’, Chicago (2000). In June I will be speaking at the ‘Narrating Witchcraft’ event (part of the ERC-funded ‘Lived Ancient Religion’ project) at the Max Weber Institute, Erfurt. Other papers: University of Wales, Swansea; the Strawberry Hill Conference; Wolfson College, Oxford; The Western Conference on British Studies, Denver, University of Sussex early modern seminar, Oxford Brookes speakers series, ‘Britain and the Sea’ conference, University of Plymouth,  ‘Green Man’ conference, Trinity College Dublin, ‘Neo-Victorian Villainy’, University of York, ‘Regionalism and Representation’, University of Warwick.

I was ‘rapporteur’ for the ESRC on a project to create the Survey of Scottish Witchcraft database (2003). I was on the editorial committee of the Pickering and Chatto series English Witchcraft 1560-1736 (2003). I review and/or read submissions regularly: for Women’s History Review, Preternature, Renaissance Quarterly, Seventeenth Century Journal, Folklore, Social History, National Identities, Early Modern Literary Studies, The Historian, the British Society for Literature and Science website, Supernatural Studies, Modern Language Review, Acta Borealia, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Gramarye etc and read proposals and completed books for Routledge, Yale University Press, Boydell and Brewer, Continuum, Ashgate and other publishers.

I was Editor of the European Journal of American Culture until December 2009, and am on the editorial board of Revenant, a new peer-reviewed e-journal of supernatural studies. I organised the Mysticism, Myth, Nationalism conference in 2010.


Television and film

2 x upcoming productions on witch hunting in production - 1 consultancy

Witches, dir. Elizabeth Sankey, Ardimages/Montgomery Avenue (in development for MUBI 2023)

Sky History’s Britain’s Greatest Obsessions with Chris Packham (2022)

“Halloween” on In the Loop with Christian Bryant, Newsy (2021)

Independent documentary for cinema and online release, Familiar Shapes (2021)

BBC2’s Rick Stein’s Cornwall (2 episodes, 2020)

Windfall Films’ Mythical Beasts for the Discovery Science channel (2019)

PBS’ Secrets of the Dead with Professor Alice Roberts (2019)

BBC1’s The Big Questions with Nicky Campbell (series 9, episode 12, 2016)

Revealed: The King’s War on Witches (Channel 5/National Geographic, 2012)

Tony Robinson’s Gods and Monsters (Channel 4/National Geographic, 2011)


BBC Radio 4 PM with Evan Davies (2023)

ABC Australia Late Night Live (2023)

BBC Radio 4’s Start the Week  “Power, Violence and Witches” with Kirsty Wark (2023)

Times Radio, Jane Garvey and Fi Glover (2023)

BBC Radio Essex with Sadie Nine (2023)

BBC Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour and Weekend Woman’s Hour (2022)

BBC Radio 4’s Open Book with Mariella Frostrup, Siri Hustvedt and Stacey Halls (2019)

BBC World Service’s The Why Factor “Witches” (2017)

Radio 4’s In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg (2015) The Salem episode with my contribution appears in Melvyn Bragg and Simon Tillotson’s In Our Time companion (Simon and Schuster, October 2018).

Radio 4’s Open Book with Mariella Frostrup and Patrick Gale (2013)

BBC World Service’s Exorcism (2004)

BBC Radio 4’s Through the Courts with Clive Anderson (2001)

I have appeared on news and chat programmes on BBC Radio 5 Live’s Drive show, Radio Devon, Radio Cornwall, Radio Scotland, Three Counties Radio and ABC Australian radio’s Late Night Live.

Podcasts and blogs

NPR - Radio West (2024)

Kirkwood Library, Missouri (2024)

Not Just the Tudors with Suzannah Lipscomb (2023)

Deutsche Welle (2023)

New Books Network (2023)

Leaf and Elfie’s Curious Talks, “The History of Witchcraft” (2023)

Shot and Chaser, Somethin’ Else/Spotify 242 “What Happens During an Exorcism?” (2022)

The Newcastle Witches, Candle and Bell 8 “How to Build a Witch” (January 2023)

Thou Shalt Not Suffer, “The Witches of St Osyth(December 2022)

BBC History Extra “Witch Hunters” (2022)

Shot and Chaser, Somethin’ Else/Spotify “The Salem Witch Trials” (2022)

Witches of Scotland podcast 51 (2022):

The Piskie Trap, “The Bideford Witches” (2022)

Ciaran Sneddon, Mysteries of Science “Witches, werewolves and vampires” (2021)

Mark Norman, The Folklore Podcast (2019)

Peter Meinertzhagen, Sublime Horror (2018)

James Watts, A Podded History of Devon (2018)

Cassidy Cash, That Shakespeare Life (2018)

BFM Malaysia Radio’s Evening Edition podcast Happily Ever After (2017)


"The Last British Woman Sent to Prison for Witchcraft - Only 80 Years Ago", The Daily Telgraph (14 June 2023)

Review of The Witches of St Osyth by David Aaronovitch, The Times (7 January 2023)

My work has also been featured in The Guardian, The Metro, The Telegraph, Archaeology, The Express and Echo, Evening Herald, Devon Life, The Catholic Herald, The Western Morning News, etc. Here’s a sample “Halloween” story:

Articles and content

BBC History Extra short course content (2024)

BBC History Magazine feature article “Why We’re Still Living in the Age of the Witch Hunt” (August 2023)

All About History feature article, “Salem: How Fear, Fanaticism and Vengeance Fuelled the Brutal Witch Trials” (135)

Art Quarterly (Winter 2022)

Smithsonian Magazine article on ducking stools (2022)

BBC History Revealed magazine feature article “Rough injustice” (2022)

BBC History Magazine feature article “Witchfinders” (2022)

BBC History Magazine review of Malcolm Gaskill, The Ruin of All Witches (February 2022)

BBC History Magazine review of John Callow, The Last Witches of England (November 2021)

BBC History Magazine “The Salem Witch Trials” (August 2021) “The Best Books On Witchcraft in History” (October 2021)

All About History magazine (August 2020)

Lapham’s Quarterly

The Catholic Herald, Dominic Selwood:

The Guardian, Rhiannon Cosslett:

The Huffington Post


The Conversation



The Debrief






Actively Learn (

Sublime Horror


Many Books


Historical consultancy

Witch hunt TV series (2024) in production;The Witches of St Osyth is being developed as a play, on which I am historical consultant; I was historical consultant for the National Theatre production of Arthur Miller’s The Crucible (2022). I worked with RAMM (Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter) on the Earthspells: Witches of the Anthropocene exhibition (2023). I was interviewed for the Stylus Media Group’s consumer trends report on contemporary spirituality in July 2017, which resulted in the Modern Mysticism report: (behind paywall). I am regularly consulted by media researchers – e.g. a Radio 4 radio drama about witches, Ursula and Boy (2010), C4’s documentary The Pendle Witch Child (2010), a BBC One Show report on an archaeological site in Cornwall (2011), and the BBC’s documentary series The Real White Queen and her Rivals (2013).

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I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. My undergraduate teaching has included: 

year 1: Success in Interdisciplinary Study, Foundations; Shakespeare and the History of Ideas; Reinventions year 2: Renaissance, Reformation and Rebellion; Interdisciplinary Research Project year 3: Dissertation; Interdisciplinary Dissertation, Indepenent Study. Masters: From Fairyland to Philippi.

I have often offered the popular optional module Witchcraft and Magic in Culture.

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I was born on the Isle of Wight and educated at Northwood Primary School, Somerton Middle School and Cowes High School.

Academic Qualifications

PhD, University of Exeter, 1997

M.A., University of Birmingham, 1992

B.A. Hons. 1st class, University of Exeter, 1991



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